Lesotho ( ( listen), Sotho pronunciation: [lɪ’sʊːtʰʊ]) officially the Kingdom of Lesotho (Sotho: 'Muso oa Lesotho) is an enclaved country in southern Africa. It is just over 30,000 km2 (11,583 sq mi) in size and has a population of around 2 million. Its capital and largest city is Maseru.
Lesotho was previously known as Basutoland, but it declared independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966. It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The name Lesotho roughly translates to "the land of the people who speak Sesotho".